Signs and Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorders

An summary of characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Provided by helpguide.org

In both children and adults, the signs and symptoms of the autism spectrum disorders include problems with social skills, speech and language, and restricted activities and interests. However, there are enormous differences when it comes to the severity of the symptoms, their combinations, and the patterns of behavior.

Keep in mind that just because your child has a few autism-like symptoms, it doesn’t mean he or she has an autism spectrum disorder. The autism spectrum disorders are diagnosed based on the presence of multiple symptoms that disrupt your child’s ability to communicate, form relationships, explore, play, and learn.

Where does your child fall on the autism spectrum?

The three autism spectrum disorders share many of the same symptoms, but they differ in their severity and impact. Classic autism, or autistic disorder, is the most severe of the autism spectrum disorders.  Milder variants are Asperger’s Syndrome, sometimes called high-functioning autism, and PDD-NOS, or atypical autism. According to the Autism Spectrum Resource Center, only 20% of people on the autism spectrum have classic autism. The overwhelming majority fall somewhere on the milder range of the spectrum.

Since the autism spectrum disorders share many similar symptoms, it can be difficult to distinguish one from the other, particularly in the early stages. If your child is developmentally delayed or exhibits other autism-like behaviors, you will need to visit a medical professional for a thorough evaluation. Your doctor can help you figure out where, or even if, your child fits on the autistic spectrum.

Signs and symptoms of autism spectrum disorders: Social skills

Basic social interaction can be difficult for children with autism spectrum disorders. Symptoms may include:

  • Unusual or inappropriate body language, gestures, and facial expressions (e.g. avoiding eye contact or using facial expressions that don’t match what he or she is saying).
  • Lack of interest in other people or in sharing interests or achievements (e.g. showing you a drawing, pointing to a bird).
  • Unlikely to approach others or to pursue social interaction; comes across as aloof and detached; prefers to be alone.
  • Difficulty understanding other people’s feelings, reactions, and nonverbal cues.
  • Resistance to being touched.
  • Difficulty or failure to make friends with children the same age.

Signs and symptoms of autism spectrum disorders: Speech and language

Problems with speech and language comprehension are a telltale sign of the autism spectrum disorders. Symptoms may include:

  • Delay in learning how to speak (after the age of 2) or doesn’t talk at all.
  • Speaking in an abnormal tone of voice, or with an odd rhythm or pitch.
  • Repeating words or phrases over and over without communicative intent.
  • Trouble starting a conversation or keeping it going.
  • Difficulty communicating needs or desires.
  • Doesn’t understand simple statements or questions.
  • Taking what is said too literally, missing humor, irony, and sarcasm.

Signs and symptoms of autism spectrum disorders: Restricted behavior and play

Children with autism spectrum disorders are often restricted, rigid, and even obsessive in their behaviors, activities, and interests. Symptoms may include:

  • Repetitive body movements (hand flapping, rocking, spinning); moving constantly.
  • Obsessive attachment to unusual objects (rubber bands, keys, light switches).
  • Preoccupation with a specific topic of interest, often involving numbers or symbols (maps, license plates, sports statistics).
  • A strong need for sameness, order, and routines (e.g. lines up toys, follows a rigid schedule). Gets upset by change in their routine or environment.
  • Clumsiness, abnormal posture, or odd ways of moving.
  • Fascinated by spinning objects, moving pieces, or parts of toys (e.g. spinning the wheels on a race car, instead of playing with the whole car).

How children with autism spectrum disorders play

Children with autism spectrum disorders tend to be less spontaneous than other kids. Unlike a typical curious little kid pointing to things that catch his or her eye, autistic children often appear disinterested or unaware of what’s going on around them. They also show differences in the way they play. They may have trouble with functional play, or using toys that have a basic intended use, such as toy tools or cooking set.  They usually don’t “play make-believe,” engage in group games, imitate others, or use their toys in creative ways.

Related signs and symptoms of autism spectrum disorders

While not part of autism’s official diagnostic criteria, children with autism spectrum disorders often suffer from one or more of the following problems:

  • Sensory problems – Many children with autism spectrum disorders either underreact or overreact to sensory stimuli. At times they may ignore people speaking to them, even to the point of appearing deaf. However, at other times they may be disturbed by even the softest sounds. Sudden noises such as a ringing telephone can be upsetting, and they may respond by covering their ears and making repetitive noises to drown out the offending sound. Children on the autism spectrum also tend to be highly sensitive to touch and to texture. They may cringe at a pat on the back or the feel of certain fabric against their skin.
  • Emotional difficulties – Children with autism spectrum disorders may have difficulty regulating their emotions or expressing them appropriately. For instance, your child may start to yell, cry, or laugh hysterically for no apparent reason. When stressed, he or she may exhibit disruptive or even aggressive behavior (breaking things, hitting others, or harming him or herself). The National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities also notes that autistic kids may be unfazed by real dangers like moving vehicles or heights, yet be terrified of harmless objects such as a stuffed animal.
  • Uneven cognitive abilities – The autism spectrum disorders occur at all intelligence levels. However, even kids with normal to high intelligence often have unevenly developed cognitive skills. Not surprisingly, verbal skills tend to be weaker than nonverbal skills. In addition, children with Autism spectrum disorders typically do well on tasks involving immediate memory or visual skills, while tasks involving symbolic or abstract thinking are more difficult.
William Walsh PhD

William Walsh PhD Book Nutrient Power

Dr Walsh is the esteemed researcher in the field of orthomolecular psychiatry. 

William J. Walsh, PhD, FACN, president of the non-profit Walsh Research Institute, is an internationally recognized expert in the field of nutritional medicine and a key scientist paving the way for nutrient-based psychiatry and nutritional medicine.  Over the past 30 years, Dr. Walsh has developed biochemical treatments for patients diagnosed with behavioral disorders, attention deficit (hyperactivity) disorder, autism, clinical depression, anxiety, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, and Alzheimer’s disease that are used by doctors throughout the world.  His book, Nutrient Power: Heal Your Biochemistry and Heal Your Brain (Skyhorse Publishing, 2012), describes the evidence-based nutrient therapy system.

William Walsh CV

Dr. William Walsh’s noted accomplishments include:  (a) groundbreaking studies reporting reduced violent behavior following nutrient therapy, (b) the 1999 discovery of undermethylation and copper/zinc imbalances in autism, (c) the 2000 finding of metallothionein protein depletion in autism, (d) the 2007 published study linking copper overload and post-partum depression, (e) the identification of five biochemical subtypes of clinical depression, (f) the 2011 development of the Walsh Theory of Schizophrenia, and (g) the direction of the Beethoven Research Project that revealed that the composer suffered from severe lead poisoning.

In addition to Dr. William Walsh continues with ongoing research studies, he leads medical practitioner training programs in advanced, drug-free biochemical/nutrient therapies in Australia, Ireland, Norway, the United States and other countries.  Dr. William Walsh is a frequently invited guest lecturer having given more than 200 presentations at regional, national and international conferences and symposiums, including the American Psychiatric Association, the U.S. Senate, and the National Institutes of Mental Health.  He has authored numerous peer-reviewed journal articles and scientific reports, as well as been granted five patents.

After earning degrees from Notre Dame and the University of Michigan, Dr. William Walsh received a PhD in chemical engineering from Iowa State University.  While working at Argonne National Laboratory in the 1970s, Dr. Walsh organized a prison volunteer program that led to studies of prisoners and ex-offenders researching the causes of their violent behavior.  The collaboration with renowned (late) Carl C. Pfeiffer, MD, PhD, a pioneer in the field of nutritional research therapy, led Dr. Walsh to the development of individualized nutrient protocols to normalize body chemistry and brain chemistry. Dr. Walsh went on to study more than 30,000 patients with mental disorders acquiring an unparalleled database of more than 3 million chemical assays during his clinical and research work.

Dr. Walsh has conducted chemical analysis of more than 25 serial killers and mass murderers, including Charles Manson, Richard Speck, James Oliver Huberty, Patrick Sherrill and Arthur Shawcross.  He has assisted medical examiners, coroners, Scotland Yard, and the FBI in these forensics studies. He has designed nutritional programs for Olympic athletes, NBA players, major league baseball players, a heavyweight boxing champion, PGA and LPGA golfers, and others.

pyrrole disorder zinc deficiency

Pyrrole Disorder and Depression

Among 10’s of thousands of individuals tested with depression, 15% turned out positive for pyrrole disorder known as kryptopyrroles. 

Biotype Pyrrole Depression

Patients who present with pyrrole disorder often are high in oxidative stress, suffer from severe mood swings and explosive anger, have extreme anxieties and fears, have poor short-term memory, and may have little or no dream recall. Depression strikes this subgroup usually because their kryptopyrroles are lost to their urine, which carries away the much needed B6 and Zinc.  Therefore these persons benefit greatly and often quickly from supplements of Vitamin B6 and P5P , both crucial to serotonin synthesis, and zinc supplementation. Pyrolurics also need more Omega 6 fats such as animal fat, borage or primrose oil  instead of Omega 3 fatty acids such as fish oils.  This inflammatory condition also benefits greatly from antioxidants such as Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin C.

Diagnosed with AD(H)D?  Anxiety?  Bipolar?  Depression?  It could be Pyrrole Disorder.  A high incidence of Pyrrole Disorder is found in individuals with depression, anxiety disorder, ODD, , bipolar disorder and AD(H)D.  Pyrrole Disorder is associated with elevated pyrroles in urine and severe deficiencies of zinc and pyridoxine (Vitamin B-6) throughout the body.  Ask yourself if you are experiencing symptoms of pyroluria. 

 
Testing for pyrrole disorder:  
Second Opinion Physician will arrange to have urine test kits sent to your home to determine your level of urinary pyrroles. 
 
Pyrrole Disorder Treatment:
 
You will be given a customized supplement plan that you may take to your local vitamin supplier or else use our recommended professional sources online. Second Opinion Physician provides product codes, dosages and times per day each supplement should be taken for your specific level of imbalance.
 
Temper Dysregulation Disorder 
 
Many children with severe temper tantrums, learning disabilities and oppositional defiant disorders actually suffer from pyrrole disorder. 
 

Symptoms of Pyrrole Disorder vary but may include:

                Urine

Elevated kryptopyrroles

Mauve colored urine

Digestive

Morning nausea

Tendency to delay or skip breakfast

Very dry skin

Affinity for spicy and salty foods

Body Features

Pale skin, inability to tan

White spots in nail beds

Sensitivity to bright lights

Sensitivity to loud noises

Poor wound healing

Joint pains

Premature graying of hair

Psoriasis

Delicate facial features

“Fruity” breath and/or body odor

Coarse eyebrow hair

Sretch marks (striae) on skin

Long arms, legs and fingers

Mood and Emotions

Extreme mood swings

Severe inner tension

Severe anxiety

Tendency to stay up very late

High irritability and temper

History of underachievement

Histrionic behavior

Severe depression

Fear of airplane travel, tornadoes, etc.

Obsessions with negative thoughts

Dreams and Memory

Little or no dream recall

Poor short-term memory

History of a reading disorder

Immunity and Inflammation

Autoimmune disorders

Severe oxidative stress

Poor growth

Delayed puberty

Spleen-area pain

Frequent infections

Abnormal EEG

Hormonal

Abnormal fat distribution

Abnormal or absent menstrual periods

Poor muscle development

·

Treating Depression Naturally

…by gaining control over your brain’s biochemistry

Dr. William J. Walsh, PhD is the president of the Walsh Research Institute, an organization “dedicated to unraveling the biochemistry of mental disorders and [the] development of improved clinical treatments through scientific research”.  Dr. Walsh received his PhD in Chemical Engineering, but while working as a prison volunteer he was given the opportunity to study the brain chemistry of convicts and violent offenders and, because of the astounding discoveries made, decided to devote the rest of his career to Nutrient Based Psychiatry & Nutritional Medicine.  Dr. Walsh is very influential and highly regarded in his field, and has become a major proponent of treating depression naturally, as well as using Nutritional Therapy to combat many other mental and behavioral disorders.

Around 1965-1975, there was a revolution in mental health happening around the world.  Psychiatry was shifting its focus from a Freudian-based one, which speculated that children were born as a “blank slate” whose behavior and personality were then formed by their experiences and environment, into a paradigm which acknowledged family history, chemical imbalances, neurotransmitters, and the overall molecular biology of the brain as major factors in “bad behavior”, mental illness, , etc.  Dr. Walsh wondered if this molecular biology could explain much of what was driving the violence and/or mental illness of the convicts that he was working with at the time.  This inquiry led to years upon years of experiments and the accumulation of massive amounts of data, all pointing towards a surprising conclusion… chemical imbalances, and improper levels of trace metals in particular, do indeed account for many of the tendencies of violent criminals and the expression of mental and behavioral disorders.

One example Dr. Walsh gives of a trace metal that has a huge impact on brain function is copper.  Copper is a key factor in the transition of dopamine to norepinephrine, so not having the right amount of copper in your system will lead to unhealthy levels of norepinephrine.  Additionally, it is very important that our bodies have the ability to regulate these levels by flushing excess copper from our system.  Some people do not have these regulatory abilities, and Dr. Walsh was surprised to discover that almost all of the convicts/offenders he was working had copper imbalances… those with who had episodic violent tendencies had very high copper levels, and the sociopathic types had very low copper levels.  This is just one example of the remarkable and pervasive findings of these revolutionary studies.

Additionally surprising was the fact that an entire group of convicts that Dr. Walsh had worked with, when subjected to blood tests in order to assess brain chemistry, returned almost identical results.  All the convicts had Pyrrole Disorder, were dramatically zinc deficient, and all were under methylated (high blood histamine).  Dr. Walsh recalls saying “they’re all the same!” upon receiving results.  This was incredibly surprising news… but also exciting, as these types of imbalances are easily treated with the proper Nutritional Therapy.  These discoveries and more prompted Dr. Walsh to initiate a study of over 500 people, starting with violent offenders and then eventually also taking on children who exhibited violent tendencies.  The treatments were extremely beneficial to the adults, but many would stop compliance after a period of time, thereby negating the positive outcomes.  The children, on the other hand, had extremely high levels of success, with very long-lasting beneficial effects.

One major focus of Dr. Walsh’s is depression.  According to Dr. Walsh, there is a major misconception around depression in the world of Psychiatry.  Depression is usually treated as a “single disorder” whose major foundational factor is low activity in serotonin receptors.  But not all depressions are alike, as Dr. Walsh’s data has shown him.  He points to “five completely different disorders called ‘depression’, only two of which have to do with serotonin”.  It is perfectly logical to conclude that treating depression naturally, thru Nutritional Therapy, could bypass much of the hardship and mishaps which are proliferated by treating each person and each brain as if it were the same… a dangerous approach, as it turns out that undermethylated patients respond very differently to SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, most often prescribed for depression) then overmethylated patients, who respond very poorly.  Dr. Walsh even points to school shooting as one of the devastating offshoots of this type of blanket treatment offered for depression, as 40 out of the 50 school shootings of the past 3 decades have been carried out by young men who had functioned quite normally thru life before being put on SSRI antidepressant medications.  Dr. Walsh speculates that a simple blood test may have helped guide the prescribing physicians towards more appropriate treatment, as it could indicate whether or not a patient was overmethylated and therefore at high risk for adverse effects from the SSRIs.

Dr. Walsh believes that “we’re on the verge of a new era of psychiatry where we’ll be able to fix all these psychiatric problems without foreign molecules.  We’ll be able to normalize the brain, without drugs.  That is the era that is just beginning… and my group is trying to speed that up”.  As a matter of fact, his group at one point studied 700 violent children and adults, treated their specific chemical imbalances thru Nutritional Therapy (thereby “normalizing brain chemistry”) and then published the resulting changes in their violent activity.  91% of the families said that violent episodes had diminished, and 58% reported that violent episodes had completely disappeared.  Astounding results.

Dr. Walsh is very clear in pointing out that he is “not opposed to drugs… psychiatric medications have helped millions of people.  It was the best they had for the last 50 years… but now we’re learning how to do things better and without side effects … normalizing the brain instead of putting powerful foreign molecules into the brain.  As science advances, the need for psychiatric drugs will fade away”.

Second Opinion Physician agrees! And we believe that need for drugs is already fading.  SOP is trained in the Walsh Protocol and can advise patients on ways to use Nutritional Therapy and Supplements to combat mental and behavioral disorders, including highly effective ways of treating depression naturally.

pyrrole disorder depression

The Role of Pyrroles in Depression

#, also known as pyroluria or mauve factor, is a condition in which elevated levels of urinary due to oxidative stress. It is often brought on or exacerbated by physical and emotional distress. This may be the trigger that causes one to suddenly develop an imbalance in the breakdown of hemaglobin. This leads to chronic and vitamin B6 deficiencies due to the fact that pyrroles are aldehyde chelators and they attract and subsequently deplete zinc and B6.  This is a chronic disorder that affects roughly 10% of the population, and is especially prominent in those suffering from behavioral and mood disorders such as , , , bipolar, and .  Unfortunately, while doctors learned about this condition in medical school it is rarely acknowledged or investigated by general practitioners and psychiatrists, much less diagnose. Yet the treatment with supplements is simple and in many cases highly effective.

Some of the common symptoms are: , mood swings, depression, auditory processing disorder, memory loss, joint pain, poor dream recall, Irritable bowel syndrome, as well as being associated with internal stress and low serotonin production. Folks with zinc deficiency can often screen themselves by looking at their nail beds. If there are white clouds under the nail, this is a pretty good sign to get yourself checked out.

Following is an article excerpt from the story of one child’s Kryptopyrrole diagnosis, and she and her family’s journey from daily struggle into thriving and well-being…

Here’s an good example of what to expect with urinary pyrroles from Body and Soul:
Read full article here: Body & Soul, 10% Have This Illness But Most Don’t Know It

“We saw various experts trying to find out what was wrong and received various diagnoses, before taking Sophie to a physiotherapist who did cranial and visceral manipulation. She told me there was a problem with Sophie’s gut and recommended we see a GP who specialised in that area. She diagnosed pyrroles disorder.

Unusually, I had heard of pyrrole, as a friend’s son had it. It’s a genetic blood disorder that results in a dramatic deficiency of zinc, vitamin B6 and arachidonic acid – a long-chain##### fat.

Common symptoms include inability to cope with stress, emotional mood swings and sensitivity to light and sound. It also causes learning difficulties and auditory processing disorder, which means that in a noisy environment, it’s hard to single out the sound you should be listening to. In a classroom environment, that would mean that if other kids were talking, Sophie would struggle to hear the teacher.

It all made perfect sense and, sure enough, the urine test came back positive. The doctor told Sophie: “You poor thing, you really have been having a hard time of it, haven’t you?”, which was probably the best thing she could?have said. It was really nice for Sophie to have someone acknowledge her condition like that.

Sophie, now seven, was prescribed supplements in a dosage accordant with her weight and it made an immediate difference. We saw changes overnight and, although I know our journey is ongoing, it’s been getting better ever since. She was instantly happier, slept better and concentrated better. Before she couldn’t retain information or do spelling but now it was as if that blockage had been unblocked.”

Detoxify the liver naturally – It’s not a fad diet thing

Liver Detoxification Pathways

Despite popular health fad beliefs, it cannot be “cleansed” with a juice fast or a calorie restriction diet.

So forget the Oz Liver Cleanse and the Lemonade Master Cleanse. They will not detoxify the liver naturally and may in fact be the opposite of what is needed.

Detoxifying and cleaning the liver is a two phase process.

The that one hopes to rid from the body are typically assaulting us on a daily basis.

What is needed is a daily plan for managing the battery of fat soluble and water soluble toxins. Fat soluble toxins include pesticides, plastic and cosmetic containing phthalates, food pesticides, chlorine in household cleaners, PCBs in farmed fish and heavy metals in the food and the air we breathe. And of course there’s antibiotics we are given by doctors and dioxins in processed animal products. The liver also breaks down microbes from the digestive tract.

Food that enters the body gets to the liver via the small intestine. The liver modifies the harmful elements
Most food substances that enter the human body go to the liver from the small intestine for sorting via the portal venous system. The liver sorts out what to keep and what to get rid of.

The blood passes through the liver, which takes out harmful chemicals before, one hopes, they reach toxic levels. They are then made water-soluble so that they can be sent out of the body via sweat or urine.

Because many toxins are fat-soluble, large quantities of such toxins that enter the body can be stored in fat.

 

liver.detox.pathways.image
STAGE ONE: OXIDATION

Special enzymes, referred to as cytochrome P450 modify the toxin that is stored in the fat cell.This results in a release of free radicals. This then requires antioxidants to neutralize. Fat soluble vitamins work here, including vitamins D, E and A. The product of stage one is reactive and still toxic. Stage two utilizes enzymes to complete the removal process.
STAGE TWO: CONJUGATION
The second stage conjugates the toxin, which makes it more water soluble in order to be excreted in the bile or urine. Sulfur is the compound added that makes this stage of detoxification possible. They are derived from proteins, which break down to amino acids. Having a leaky gut or skipping meals which leads to reduced levels of amino’s impairs the liver function because of a lack of sulfur. There are other significantly important nutrients for both phase one and phase two liver detoxification.

 

Supplements and proper diet are your best bet to a health liver.